Winnipeg General Information
Winnipeg's Golden Boy statue, perched 77 metres atop the Manitoba Legislative Building, a sheaf of wheat under one arm and a torch held high in the other, stands as a symbol of "equality for all" - an ideology befitting one of Canada's most ethnically diverse cities.
LOCATION AND DESCRIPTION
Winnipeg sits at the geographical centre of North America at the confluence of the Red and Assinboine Rivers in southeastern Manitoba. It is Manitoba's capital city and its political, industrial and cultural centre.
Summers temperatures range from warm to hot in Winnipeg (13° to 26° C on average). Winters are long and cold, with temperatures falling from -13° to -24° C. Winnipeg receives 504 millimetres of precipitation annually, much of that as snow. On some winter nights the colourful northern lights (aurora borealis) can be seen from the city.
Winnipeg has a broad industrial base. Its central location has made Winnipeg the "Gateway to the West," a principal transportation and distribution centre, especially for goods travelling to western Canada and the United States from eastern Canada. The Canadian Wheat board and many grain companies have located head offices in Winnipeg, due to its close proximity to the fertile farmlands of the Prairies. The Winnipeg Commodity Exchange is Canada's chief grain market. Over half of the agricultural machinery manufactured in Canada is built in Winnipeg. Brewing, meatpacking and the textile industry are also major Winnipeg employers, and a bus factory manufactures many of North America's highway buses.
All of Canada's coins are produced in Winnipeg at the Royal Canadian Mint. The mint produces over 30 million loonies (Canada's one-dollar coin) every year.
Over half of Manitoba's population resides in greater Winnipeg, including more than 43 cultural groups. People of British descent account for the largest ethnic group (24 percent), while large populations of Ukrainians, Germans, French, Filipinos, Poles, Jews and Chinese add diversity to Winnipeg's cultural landscape. Winnipeg is also home to the largest francophone population outside of Quebecand the largest Aboriginal and Metis population of any Canadian city.
CULTURE AND RECREATION
Winnipeg offers an abundance of cultural facilities and events with its own symphony orchestra, ballet troupe, live theatre groups, museums and an opera. The CFL's Blue Bombers thrill football fans in Winnipeg Stadium while hockey fans can cheer on the IHL's Manitoba Moose at Winnipeg Arena.
Outdoor enthusiasts will enjoy Winnipeg's 900 parks and athletic fields. There is a plentitude of skating and curling rinks, golf courses, swimming pools and tennis courts. Magnificent, white sand beaches lie less than an hour outside of Winnipeg on the shores of Lake Winnipeg.
Two daily newspapers, five local television stations and 10 radio stations (including a French language television station and a multi-lingual radio station) serve Winnipeg.
More Information About Manitoba
As famous for crystal-clear lakes and infinite forests as for its prairie farmland, Manitoba is a nature lover's paradise.
Dubbed the Keystone province for its central economic and geographic location, Manitoba marks the halfway point between Canada's Atlantic and Pacific Ocean coasts. It is bordered by Ontario to the east, Saskatchewan to the west, Nunavut Territory to the north and the American states North Dakota and Minnesota to the south. A swath of Hudson Bay coastline makes up a large chunk of Manitoba's northeast border.
Much of Manitoba is covered by lakes and rivers, a point not lost on anglers who troll the province's waterways for pickerel, pike, bass, trout, sauger and whitefish. Lake Winnipeg, occupying much of south-central Manitoba, is the 13th largest freshwater lake in the world - larger than Lake Ontario. Manitoba has North America's largest freshwater fishery, largely due to the whitefish fishery on Lake Winnipeg. A large resort area lies on the lake's south shore near Winnipeg, and fly-in fishing camps in the province's northern wilderness are popular with American tourists.
Most Manitobans live in the prairie south, but the Precambrian Shield accounts for the bulk of Manitoba's geography. About three fifths of the province sits on this rocky, glacier-scraped terrain. The north is largely unpopulated, except for scattered Indian reserves and mining towns such as Flin Flon, Thompson and Lynn Lake. Coniferous forests cover much of this land except in the far northern regions, where trees give way to tundra and permafrost.
Agriculture is a key industry in Manitoba. Manufacturing, forestry and mining are also significant contributors to the diverse economic base.
Once home to a major fur trade, Manitoba's forests still support rare species such as Arctic fox, marten, wolf, otter and lynx. Deer, moose, elk, black bears, beaver, raccoons, red fox and coyotes are plentiful. Not surprisingly, Manitoba attracts hunters from around the globe. There are more than 100 licensed lodge and outfitter operations in the province. But the bison, which once thundered across the prairie in countless thousands, now are confined to small, controlled herds. Still, they survive proudly on the provincial flag and seal as Manitoba's official emblem.
Polar bears can be seen in Churchill - an isolated town on Hudson Bay that is a summertime seaport for Prairie wheat exports. The only way to get to Churchill is by train or airplane. Even so, the town is renowned as the most easily accessible spot in Canada for viewing polar bears. Bear-proof vehicles drive them to face-to-face meetings with the world's largest bears. The northern lights are also a popular draw to Churchill, although they can be witnessed in other parts of Manitoba and Canada. Beluga whales swim in the often icy waters of Hudson Bay.
Manitoba shares with Saskatchewan the bittersweet Prairie climate of dry air, frigid winters and short but glorious summers. The average July temperature in Winnipeg (in the south) is a comfortable 20 degrees Celsius, while Churchhill, cooled by the sea and its subarctic location, averages only 12 degrees. The winters are cold regardless of location. Winnipeg averages -17 degrees Celsius in January; Churchill a bone-chilling -26.
Manitobans are primarily of British descent, but there also substantial populations of First Nations people and a mosaic of ethnic groups stemming from the early 20th Century when Canada peopled the Prairies by advertising them abroad as The Last, Best West. There are large populations of German, French-Canadian, Ukrainian and Polish people. Manitoba has one of the largest Mennonite populations in the world, mostly in farm communities south and east of Winnipeg.
More than half of Manitobans live in the capital, Winnipeg. Home to Canada's only commodities exchange, Winnipeg is the center of the national grain trade and one of the country's major industrial, communications, commercial, financial, and insurance centres. Attractions include the internationally renowned Royal Winnipeg Ballet, the Winnipeg Blue Bombers (of the Canadian Football League) and the Winnipeg Zoo.
The International Peace Garden, 2,340 acres of stunning flower gardens and pathways on the Manitoba/North Dakota border, is a popular destination for tourists and locals alike. Spirit Woods Provincial Park is home to a miniature desert, the Spirit Sands, a 25 square kilometer patch of sand dunes, cacti and desert creatures like the northern prairie skink. Riding Mountain National Park shelters one of the last buffalo herds.
Designed by Jump Strategy.com